This study showed that the development of the Covid-19 case in Bogor City and Bekasi Regency tended to be fluctuative. The implementation of testing, tracing, and treatment (3T) procedure is still far from the standards set by WHO, so the handling of covid transmission is still ineffective. The indiscipline of citizens and officials in the implementation of wearing masker, social distancing, and washing hand (3M) is also very influential in the spread of Covid-19. The low level of 3M implementation is caused by (i) the wrong perception about Covid-19 (such as that this disease is a disease of the rich only), (ii) the understanding that Covid-19 can be transmitted from people without symptoms is not yet internalized, (iii) and inconsistencies between government appeals and practices. We also found that Covid-19 transmission mainly occurred through intensive interactions between patients and many other people, especially in closed rooms, such as in offices, factories, or social events.
The economic impact of the pandemic is experienced by people from all groups, but with varying degrees of severity. With all limitations, economic activities by both large and small enterprises are still running. The impact of the slowing economic activity varies between businesses. Those who experienced the hardest impact are businesses that produce or provide tertiary services and the businesses which has lost its market at all (such business service of picking up school children). Some of the MSMEs that utilize social networks on the internet are relatively sustainable, as are the MSMEs that diversify their products. The government encourages middle class spending to keep the economy running, but most of the middle-class people we interviewed also experienced income decline.
In the case of social assistance (Bansos), there is a problem with the inaccuracy of data, especially in the distribution of Bansos that with the data from central government. Meanwhile, assistance from the province can be more accurate because the village/kelurahan and RW can submit suggestions and corrections about the target data. Productive assistance for MSMEs also reached the targets, but is less effective in the long term because it is only distributed once and market demand is still low due to people reducing spending.